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Second Trimester - What to expect?
July 10, 2012 by Dr. Mandar V. Bichu
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Second Trimester - What to expect?

The second trimester (13-28 Weeks) is the most physically enjoyable for most women. While some pregnancy symptoms, such as a morning sickness and nausea can abate, new ones can begin... What follows is a list of changes that you may see in your body during this trimester.

 

Skin Changes, Stretch Marks and Increasing Belly Size

The uterus has grown to the height of the umbilicus, making the pregnancy visible. You may notice that skin pigmentation may change on the face or abdomen due to the pregnancy hormones. This usually disappears after pregnancy. Due to the stretching of the skin, some women may develop stretch marks. Don’t worry too much about these since most stretch marks fade away after delivery and are barely noticeable. They can be minimized by using a good stretch mark prevention cream

 

Abdominal and Low Back Pain

As your uterus and abdomen expands, you might feel pains in your abdomen, groin area or thighs. You may feel backaches due to your increasing weight. You’ll also experiencing aching near your pelvic bone from the pressure of the baby's head, your increased weight and the loosening joints in these areas. The lower abdomen may ache as ligaments stretch to support the uterus. Lying down, resting or wearing a support girdle can help resolve some of these aches and pains.

 

Urination Frequency

 The need to urinate frequently may decrease as the uterus grows out of the pelvic cavity, relieving pressure on the bladder.

 

Nosebleeds and Gum Bleeds

Increase in hormones such as estrogen and progesterone can affect the mucous membranes in the nose and gum causing them to soften and swell. This can lead to nasal congestion, nosebleeds, spongier gums and gums that bleed more easily.

To stem a nosebleed, sit or stand leaning forward, pinch the area and apply cold fomentation. It is advisable to consult your doctor to rule out any other causes.

 

Quickening and Fetal Movement

The mother may be able to feel the movement of the fetus for the first time. This is a phenomenon called quickening and is typically felt by the end of the 5th month. On average, quickening is felt first between the 18th and 22nd weeks.

 

Tingling and Itching

Due to the swelling of tissues in the narrow passages of your wrists, tingling and numbness in the fingers is a common occurrence during pregnancy. The swollen tissues put pressure on nerves which can cause numbness and tingling. Also, due to the stretching of your skin, it is common to experience some itching over the stretched tissue, particularly over the abdomen

 

Vaginal Discharge

You may notice a white-colored vaginal discharge called leukorrhea. It is normal. However a colored or bloody discharge may signal possible complications and should be examined immediately.

 

Continuation of Other Symptoms

 Heart burn, indigestion and constipation may continue.

The second trimester (13-28 Weeks) is the most physically enjoyable for most women. While some pregnancy symptoms, such as a morning sickness and nausea can abate, new ones can begin... What follows is a list of changes that you may see in your body during this trimester.

 

Skin Changes, Stretch Marks and Increasing Belly Size

The uterus has grown to the height of the umbilicus, making the pregnancy visible. You may notice that skin pigmentation may change on the face or abdomen due to the pregnancy hormones. This usually disappears after pregnancy. Due to the stretching of the skin, some women may develop stretch marks. Don’t worry too much about these since most stretch marks fade away after delivery and are barely noticeable. They can be minimized by using a good stretch mark prevention cream

 

Abdominal and Low Back Pain

As your uterus and abdomen expands, you might feel pains in your abdomen, groin area or thighs. You may feel backaches due to your increasing weight. You’ll also experiencing aching near your pelvic bone from the pressure of the baby's head, your increased weight and the loosening joints in these areas. The lower abdomen may ache as ligaments stretch to support the uterus. Lying down, resting or wearing a support girdle can help resolve some of these aches and pains.

 

Urination Frequency

 The need to urinate frequently may decrease as the uterus grows out of the pelvic cavity, relieving pressure on the bladder.

 

Nosebleeds and Gum Bleeds

Increase in hormones such as estrogen and progesterone can affect the mucous membranes in the nose and gum causing them to soften and swell. This can lead to nasal congestion, nosebleeds, spongier gums and gums that bleed more easily.

To stem a nosebleed, sit or stand leaning forward, pinch the area and apply cold fomentation. It is advisable to consult your doctor to rule out any other causes.

 

Quickening and Fetal Movement

The mother may be able to feel the movement of the fetus for the first time. This is a phenomenon called quickening and is typically felt by the end of the 5th month. On average, quickening is felt first between the 18th and 22nd weeks.

 

Tingling and Itching

Due to the swelling of tissues in the narrow passages of your wrists, tingling and numbness in the fingers is a common occurrence during pregnancy. The swollen tissues put pressure on nerves which can cause numbness and tingling. Also, due to the stretching of your skin, it is common to experience some itching over the stretched tissue, particularly over the abdomen

 

Vaginal Discharge

You may notice a white-colored vaginal discharge called leukorrhea. It is normal. However a colored or bloody discharge may signal possible complications and should be examined immediately.

 

Continuation of Other Symptoms

 Heart burn, indigestion and constipation may continue.


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